1220148 1 Ted Zelman is an experienced Trial Attorney who is also active in bicycling, triathlon and running. He has raced in over 100 triathlons at distances up to a Half Ironman. He has competed in many running races including 2 marathons.

He is an active bicyclist who has ridden many distance rides including the Triple Bypass in Colorado and the Nove Colli in Italy. He is very active in bicycling safety issues.

Ted Zelman has represented bicyclists in numerous accident cases. He uses his knowledge and experience of bicycling on behalf of his clients.

He has won Trials and settlements in excess of $6,500,000 on behalf of bicyclist clients. Ted Zelman has a policy of assisting bicyclists. He helps bicyclists whose bicycles have been damaged by motor vehicles obtain compensation for those losses without charge.


There is no area of bicycle law that is as out of date as laws regarding E bikes. E bikes are fast growing. They are evolving and their uses are growing and changing.

Delivery drivers in cities use E bikes. Companies like LIME have been created to rent E bikes to tourists. The result has been more E bikes in traffic with bicycles and pedestrians, as well as more E bikes in traffic with motor vehicles. Florida laws have not kept pace with these changes.

The definition of a bicycle under Florida law includes a vehicle with an “electric helper motor” capable of going “not more than 20 mph” on level ground.

This is an out-of-date definition.

E bikes are now sold with throttle control, meaning the rider need not ever pedal. Some E bikes are now sold with two motors, one for each wheel. Many E bikes are capable of speeds in excess of 20 mph.

The point is that although it is reasonable to define a category of E bikes capable of going no more than 20 mph, E bikes capable of faster speeds also need to be regulated.

In Florida it is illegal for an E bike to be operated on a sidewalk with its motor engaged.

It is common to see E bikes operated on sidewalks. A growing problem with E bikes is collisions with pedestrians. Hospital emergency rooms are reporting increasing injuries from collisions between E bikes and pedestrians.

E bike riders should consider their potential financial responsibility in the event of a crash with a pedestrian. Auto insurance will not cover you while you operate an E bike. Homeowners insurance will cover you while operating a pedal bicycle. Whether it will cover you while operating an E bike depends on your policy and on how powerful the E bike is.

E bikes are here to stay. Whether you ride an E bike, or a pedal only bike, be aware of potential issues when you are on the road.

Ted Zelman

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Theodore W. Zelman
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About Ted Zelman

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"A very special thank you with sincere appreciation. For all of your help and professionalism.".

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